On 15 April 2014, the Council of the European Union approved the mandate of EUCAP Sahel Mali (Council decision 2014/219/CFSP
In support of Mali's active efforts to restore state authority, and in close coordination with other international partners, particularly the Delegation of the European Union and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), EUCAP Sahel Mali is providing assistance and advice to the national police, the national gendarmerie and the national guard in the implementation of the security reform set out by the new government, with a view to:
Following a strategic review of the mission in 2016 - after the first 18 months in Mali - two main recommendations were made:
These recommendations were incorporated in renewed mandate that was adopted on 11 January 2017, the Council of the European Union. The renewed mandate extends the Mission until January 2019 and includes a reference to ‘the Accord for Peace & Reconciliation’ and Instructions to contribute to the inter-operability & coordination of the internal security forces of the G5 Sahel countries and the Malian internal security forces.
The documents hereunder form the legal basis for EUCAP Sahel Mali's mandate and activities in Mali:
Philippe RIO, a senior French gendarmerie officer, was appointed EUCAP Sahel Mali Head of Mission on 1 October 2017.
During his 37 years of service in the gendarmerie and in other civilian and military institutions, Mr. Rio has gained a wide range of police and crisis management experiences.
Prior to his appointment as head of the EU civil mission in Mali, he was successively: in charge of the military's external relations of the gendarmerie (2013-2015), including the preparation and conduct of the presidencies (CIMIN) of the European Gendarmerie Force in 2014 and the Association of European and Mediterranean Gendarmeries (FIEP) in 2015; commander of the European Gendarmerie Force (2015-2017); project manager at the General Inspectorate of the National Gendarmerie.
"My role will be to direct the mission which assumes the functions of counsel of the Malian authorities, competent ministers and directors-general of the police, gendarmerie and national guard, as well as the training of the cadres of these forces." (interview with Le Point, Oct. 2017).
Philippe Rio holds a university degree in literature, a master's degree in political science and is a patentee of the Joint Defense College. He was auditor of the regional session of the Institute of Higher Studies of the National Defense in 2003, as well as the high level course of the European Security and Defense College in 2010 - 2011.
The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) includes the gradual framing of a common defence policy which might in time lead to a common defence. The CSDP allows the Union to develop its civilian and military capabilities for crisis management and conflict prevention at international level, thus helping to maintain peace and international security, in accordance with the United Nations Charter. The CSDP includes a strong conflict prevention component.
Based in Brussels, the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC) is the permanent structure responsible for the autonomous operational conduct of civilian CSDP operations. Under the political control and strategic direction of the Political and Security Committee and the overall authority of the High Representative, the CPCC ensures the effective planning and conduct of civilian CSDP crisis management operations, as well as the proper implementation of all mission-related tasks.
Read more about the CSDP
The European External Action Service (EEAS) is the European Union's diplomatic service. It helps the EU's foreign affairs chief Federica Mogherini – the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy – carry out the Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy. Its role is to make sure the voice of the European Union and its people are heard in the world. The EEAS is responsible for the running of EU Delegations and Offices around the world. Read more about the EEAS The European Union is represented in Mali by the Delegation of the European Union. The Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Mali represents all the European institutions in the country; it ensures the local presence of the European Union and is the interface between the headquarters of the European Union and the authorities of Mali. The Delegation and plays an important role in analyzing the local situation from both a political and an economic point of view, thus contributing to the definition of the strategy of the EU vis-à-vis Mali and the subregion and the programming of cooperation with the country. Read more about the Delegation
"The restoration of a lasting peace in Mali is essential for long term stability in the Sahel region and in a broader sense for Africa and Europe."
At the request of the Malian Government and on the basis of UN resolutions, in particular the UN Security Council Resolution 2085, the Member States of the European Union agreed to establish a mission to train the Malian Armed Forces (MaAF), in the framework of the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The First Mandate for the European Union Training Mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) was established in February 2013. Read more about EUTM Mali